Thursday, December 1, 2011


                    Satire is the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues. In the article "The the impotence of proofreading" by Taylor Mali the importance of proofreading is what is being satirized. It is being satirized by the author writing the article with a lot of spelling mistake's trying to use irony to show me the importance of proofreading. "Has this ever happened to you ? You work very hard on a paper for English class and then get a very low grade (like a D or even a D-) and all because you are the world's worst speller. Proofreading your papers is a matter of the utmost impotence." An example of satire is when he says "Proofreading your peppers is matter of the utmost impotence" by saying peppers he means papers but he misspelled it on purpose to show me what happens when you don't proofread. Another example is when he says "When it comes to proofreading, the red penis your friend" here everything is spelled correctly but you have to break a word for the sentence could make sense while the author is trying to be funny.

                     The article "Tim Cook : 'I'm thinking printers'" is an example of satire. One piece that is being satirized is that the whole idea of apple came from a company who started making printers. The article reads "Tim Cook called a meeting of shareholders and members of the press Thursday morning to announce that he envisioned printers as the company’s future." It is being satirized by it saying that the future of the company is in printers which was what the Zerox company believed in the 1970's. Also it says "upcoming Apple products such as the iPhone 5 would be postponed for at least four years so the company could throw all its time and resources into the creation of high-quality printers for the home and office." In reality the real future of the company is the iPhone 5.



Monday, November 7, 2011


                 Irony is the use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning. There are three different types of irony. Verbal irony is when an author says one thing and means something else. Dramatic irony is when an audience perceives something that a character in the literature does not know. Irony of situation is a discrepency between the expected result and actual results. We see irony of situation on the train all the time on ads showing people who get plastic surgery and end up with bad results. Irony of situation is something that has existed in my life. When I was younger I use to use the computer a lot for entertainment and later on I noticed that I can type with out looking at the keyboard. 

                  The poem "Richard Cory" by Edwin Arlington Robinson is an example of irony. In the first stanza it reads "he was a gentlemen from sole to crown, clean favored, and imperially slim." Richard Cory is a gentlemen who dresses nicely and is very serious but is nervous around people. In the second stanza it reads "In fine, we thought he was everything to make us wish we were in his place." The people from the town envied him because he was rich and they thought he had everything they wanted so they wish they were in his place. The tone of this poem starts with the author describing Richard Cory's ways and how much attention he got because people thought he was amazing and happy. But tone of the poem just switches instantly and catches us by surprise in the last line. As we read along we can't really tell that Richard Cory is going to end up killing himself. Irony of situations are created by the people looking at Richard Cory and believing what they thought he was but no one suspected he will kill himself.   

                   The short story "The Necklace" by GUY de MAUPASSANT is an example of irony. Irony is very important in this story because one event changed their lives forever. This story takes place in France around the 19th century. Madame Loisel was a very pretty woman who was poor but dreamed of the better life she thought she was born for. She was very sad always thinking of the better things and one day her husband came home with an invitation to a ball that was for a selected few. She didn't want to go because she felt she didn't have a dress that she can look stunning in and fit in with the other wealthy woman. She got her dress but then she didn't have jewels but she had a wealthy friend she borrowed a shiny diamond necklace from. She went to the ball and was extremely happy because she looked stunning, but by the time she got home she noticed that she had lost the necklace. They looked for it but couldn't find it, so they had to replace it. They worked extra hard for 10 years to replace the necklace she lost and when she told her friend how much misery they went through to replace that necklace to later find out that the necklace she borrowed was a replica and wasn't of real diamonds. In those 10 years Madame lost her beauty and started looking old. The irony of this story is how she wanted the life of the wealthy and lost herself in doing so. She thought that because her friend was wealthy her shiny necklace would be worth a lot of money, if she would've told her friend sooner what had happened she would've not had to work hard for those 10 years to replace the chain she thought was real. 

                The article "The House That Slaves Built" by Gardiner Harris is an example of irony. The main irony in the story is how 200 years ago blacks weren't let into the White House and now Barack Obama is the president who lives in the White House. In the 1960's a singer named Sara Vaughan noticed how as a race blacks went from tragedy to triumph. She was invited to sing at a state dinner and after she sang she disappeared to her dressing room and a man found her crying. She said "There's nothing wrong. This is the most wonderful day of my life. When I first came to Washington, I couldn't get a hotel room , and tonight, I danced with the president." This shows how racism and segregation changed over the years. Blacks weren't allowed in the white house back in the day and now we have a black president who lives in the white house with his family, this is the irony of the story.

                  Is it ironic that so many don't understand irony ? The answer is yes. Out of all people I would think that a writer would understand irony, but in this article the author talks about a discussion   she had with her friend, the writer. "
Our employers were providing us with a Thanksgiving lunch the day after Thanksgiving, and she said, "It's So Ironic!"." The author points out that this isn't irony and that the writer, her friend doesn't know the meaning of irony. On "" I saw a few examples of situations that I had to vote whether it is irony or not. This is an example that I found to be ironic "if you have a phobia of longs words you have to tell people that you have hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia?." The irony in this situation is that a person who has a phobia of using long words has to use a long word to explain that they don't like using long words. The example of the kid wearing the breathalyzing unit costume for Halloween is ironic to me because he was dressed as it and later had to breath into one and got arrested for drunk driving. I voted 5/10 (Not Sure). The example of Tim Schrader being arrested for heroin smuggling and then being pardoned for getting HIV after sharing needles is not ironic to me. I voted 2/10. In the example "Is it ironic that there is a song about the phobia of making music" I found it to be ironic because a phobia is being scared of something and the person actually recorded the song. I voted 9/10.   

                  This cartoon is an example of irony. This cartoon shows carpenters building a building for a sunscreen company. The irony of the cartoon is that they are blocking the sun from a house that runs on solar energy.

                   In the lyrics of the song "Ironic" by Alanis Morissette there are examples of irony, I don't think the whole song is ironic but I believe that there are parts that are ironic. The third stanza is an example of irony. It is explaining that the guy is about to get on a plane for the first time because he's always been scared to fly. It reads "He packed his suitcase and kissed his kids goodbye he waited his whole damn life to take that flight and as the plane crashed he thought "Well isn't this nice......"" I thought that was ironic. The irony is that he was scared to fly his whole life and when he did fly what he was afraid of actually happened. In the sixth stanza in line 6 it reads "A no smoking sign on our cigarette break" that's also ironic. I think this is ironic because on your cigarette break there's a no smoking sign so it stops us from doing what we want. 

Monday, October 17, 2011


               Metaphors are used to help us understand the unknown, because we use what we know in comparison with something we don't know to get a better understanding of the unknown.  The simplest and also the most effective poetic device is the use of comparison. A metaphor is a shortcut to meaning. It sets two unlike things side by side and makes us see the likeness between them. For example, a person who is very loud, big and violent can referred to as a bear.

                There are different kind of metaphors like simile, personification, anthropomorphism, hyperbole, parable, fable, animism, and analogy. Simile is the comparison of two unlike things using like or as and is related to metaphor. An example of a simile is "He runs fast like a cheetah." This means that he's fast and rarely gets tired when running. Personification is giving human like qualities to animals or objects and is also related to metaphor. An example of personification is "The mirror speaks in a deep voice." This means that the mirror speaks. Anthropomorphism is used with God or gods. Anthropomorphism is the describing of gods or goddesses in human forms and possessing human characteristics such as jealousy, hatred, or love. An example of Anthropomorphism is "Zeus" he's an idea of a god that possesses human characteristics. This means that we have no idea what these people look like or if there real, but people make it seem that they are in myth. Hyperbole is exaggeration or overstatement, opposite of understatement. An example of hyperbole is "I feel so strong I can lift a building." This means that the person feels very strong and is exaggerating how strong they feel. A parable is a short tale that illustrates universal truth, one of the simplest of narratives. It sketches a setting, describes an action, and shows the results. A fable is a fictional story that features animals, mythical creatures, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature which are anthropomorphized (given human qualities) and illustrates a moral lesson. An example of a fable is "The Three Little Pigs" because there is a moral lesson in the story and animals are anthropomorphized. Animism refers to the belief that non-human entities are spiritual beings, or at least embody some kind of life-principle. An example of animism is "Donald Duck". Analogy is the comparison of two pairs which have the same relationship. An example of analogy is "hot is to cold as fire is to ice". This means that two things that have the same relationship but are opposite of each other. These are examples of metaphors.

                Metaphors are used a lot in poems. In the poem "Creativity" the type of metaphor used is personification. The poem is about a shadow of a branch but the poet gives it human like qualities. In the poem it reads "It moves and it is dancing" that is an example of personification. It also says "it writes it's story" these two examples indicate that the branch dances and writes a story, and I don't know too many branches that dance and write story's. The metaphor in "Peace" is another example of personification. The poem reads "all you hear are gentle whispers far away and unimportant" this is saying that the wind speaks.

                 In the picture of the elephant there is a few different similes. In the picture all the men are blind so they are comparing things to things they know. One man is grabbing the elephant's tail and says "An elephant is like a disconnected phone line." He uses that comparison because an elephant's tail is long and the point isn't connected to anything. Another man is grabbing the elephant's trunk and says "An elephant is like an empty oil pipeline." He uses the oil pipe line as a comparison because of the length, size and the ridges the elephant has on his trunk. These are example's of simile's because they are comparing two unlike things using like or as.

                 The poem "Dinnertime Chorus" is a personification poem. There are a lot of examples of personification. The first line reads "The teapot sang as the water boils." The personification in that first line is that the teapot is singing making the noise you hear when water boils. In the third line he says "The teacups chattered to one another." He means that as teacups make a sound when placed next to each other or on a table they all make the same noise making it seem like there chattering. Another line that shows clear personification is "As the oil danced in the pan." In that line the poet is suggesting that the oil is dancing as it moves from side to side and starts to pop on the pan. This whole poem is full of personification as the poet gives all the items of his dinnertime life.

                  "The Wolf In Sheep's Clothing" is an example of a fable. In this fable specifically the author is telling the story which can relate to any predator who tries to fit in with it's prey in order to catch them easier. The author of this fable explains how a wolf can disguise itself as a sheep so that it can find food, but the moral lesson is about deceiving and trying to take advantage. In this specific illustration "Terrence Morash" shows pictures of a man giving candy to a kid to catch his attention and his interest which really shows you what a fable is about. 

                   In Emily Dickerson's poem "The Wind" she uses personification as a metaphor. In this poem she giving the wind human like qualities. In the first stanza it reads "The wind tapped like a tired man, and like a host, "Come in" i boldly answered." In this line she makes it seem like she is having a conversation with the wind. In another poem by Emily Dickerson titled "The Mountain" she blends a mix of personification and anthropomorphism. In the second stanza it reads "The seasons prayed around his knees, like children round a sire: Grandfather of the day is he, of dawn the ancestor." The example of anthropomorphism in this excerpt of the poem is when she says hat the seasons prayed around his knees. The example of personification is also in this same excerpt when she says "Around his knees" which indicates that the mountain is a man.

                 In the poem "l(a" by e e Cummings he is using direct metaphor. After we turn the mix of letters and punctuation into a statement it reads "Loneliness, (a leaf falls)." After we understand the poem we get why he presented it in the matter of it looking like something is falling. He's indicating that when a leaf falls it falls by itself to the ground and then lands by itself so he is saying that the leaf is lonely. Now I understand the poem i think it really is brilliant the way he presented the poem. If the letters were presented in a normal state no one will know where to start but since he put the letters and punctuation looking like they were falling it gives us a better idea.

                Metaphors are a form of literature that we use in everyday life even when we do it subconsciously. A metaphor that applies to me is "A Garden" cause relationships really are like growing fruits and vegetables. We watch the progress as the relationship grows, blooms, and starts producing. A common metaphor i use is "A roller coaster" cause it really does remind us of something going up and down just like life goes but we still go along until the ride is over. Metaphors are made for us to get a better understanding or to be used as a comparison that resembles an example of what were feeling or going through.


Friday, October 7, 2011

Linear Text

            We are living in the digital age where the world is revolving around technology. Technology has changed the world in all aspects, It has changed the way we think and live. The digital age is making us rethink the way we do things and it is truly a revolution.  In this present day technology is super advanced and it only keeps moving towards superb advancement. In the digital age technology is involved in everything we do. The digital world is making us rethink everything from education, to family, writing, thinking and almost anything we can think of. But the crazy thing about the digital age is that were the one’s making it smarter, were teaching it ways to make things easier for us. 

            The digital age has changed according to the video. When text is on paper it is not unilinear but when it’s digital it’s not. Digital text is different because it is flexible and movable. Hypertext is another form of text that can link virtually anywhere. The digital age has changed the way we do things, it makes us rethink all elements of life. But we teach computers as we do new things, Every time we form a link we teach it an idea. The web is linking people, people are sharing, trading, and collaborating with people around the world. All this is making us rethink the way we are as people, with our families, our identity, and privacy. Toay no matter where in the world w have a family member we can connect with them. Our identity is no longer limited to what's around us, we now can learn almost anything we can imagine and make it possible just by doing a little research. Our identity now has to almost be protected by a safe that only we can access. Our privacy is now something we have to keep more private because the internet remembers the data we give it and can later be found on search engine's like Google, yeah it's a bit creepy. With all that said everything we've ever done has to be rethought.

             Learning in the digital age now requires a new model according to the article. Today in the technology driven world a learning environment can be virtual, online, and remote. When people connect through technology their effect is multiplied. In the 21st century everything revolves around technology. 21st century learning environments should mix physical and digital infrastructures to support the way we learn. "Schools are being designed for a new balance that combines the best of traditional classroom learning with leading 21st century learning methods & tools" said Bernie Trilling, and as a student of the 21st century I believe that it would really benefit students. Technology makes the world better, everything we do in today now has to do with technology so school's should blend more digital things into the classroom

               I interviewed a guy named Brian who is a student at Hunter College and he reminded me how our different our times were growing up. I asked him about how he had to rethink communication and he said "Is a lot easier to communicate now cause we have cell phones but when he was back in high school he had to call peoples house phone, and the internet wasn't totally popular and not a lot of people had access to it". I agree with him because when I was a kid computers just started getting extremely popular, and cell phones still were big and bulky. Now everything is sleek, slim, and easier to use and carry around. I also asked about how he had to rethink business and he said "Shopping is a lot easier cause you have amazon and all kinds of websites where you can go and compare different products that I want before going to the store, I don't even have to go to the store at all, I can order it online and have it delivered right to my house". That actually made me rethink about how when I was young and I used to go out and look for what I wanted, now I can look online right from my home and even find better deals on the internet. The internet is the biggest marketplace in the world if I really think about it. The digital age has changed everybody's life.

               The Hyundai commercial makes us think of how basic the world would be if we settled on the first things that came along like the big phones that cover one side of our face, and type writers. It makes us think that if we never wanted to upgrade and improve those things, we would be stuck with all those old boring machines. The message in the video is that we always have to rethink as things go along and get more advanced. It shows us that if we would not keep trying to advance and improve the things around us we will be stuck forever on the same things and it reminds us that the way we got to where we are today is because of rethinking. Imagine still living in this day with type writers, yeah that's something I don't even want to think about. To get rid of typewriters people had to rethink how to build a computer and how to make it work. The video reminds us that where we are today is because of all the things we have had to rethink.

               Writing this essay has made me rethink about the ways we have had to rethink the way we do things. The digital age has changed the world in ways that are amazing. Our resources are now all on the computer. The way we travel, shop, and communicate is easier and more flexible than ever now. Our identity's are now somewhat being shaped around the internet. Everything we do revolves around the internet. The digital age has revolutionized the world and by the looks of things i think the revolution is just getting started.